Types of Cell Division1. Binary Fission-The reproduction of prokaryotic cells (bacteria and bacteria-like Archaea) is accomplished through binary fission.
2. Mitosis- Mitosis is division of the somatic cells of eukaryotic organisms. Somatic cells are all cells of the body, other than the reproductive cells of sexually reproducing organisms—sperm and egg.
3. Meiosis- Meiosis is the type of cell division that produces gametes, sperm or eggs, in sexually reproducing organisms. Meiosis reduces the number of chromosome by half, so that when a sperm fertilizes an egg, the resulting zygote has a full set of chromosomes.