Answers

2014-06-22T14:35:55+08:00
E. 400s

Solution:

Note: Velocity = Distance/Time
             
Velocity is ADDED when both the flow of the river and the direction of the boat are the same. Boat is going DOWNSTREAM in this case.

When boat is going downstream:
   
                   V₁ + V₂ = Distance/Time
                       Time = Distance / (V₁ + V₂)
                               = 3000 meters / ( 20 m/s + 10 m/s)
                               = 3000/30
                    Time    = 100 seconds   ....Time going DOWNSTREAM.


 Velocity is SUBTRACTED when both the flow of the river and the direction of the boat are the NOT the same. Boat is going UPSTREAM in this case.    

When boat is going upstream:
     
                V₁ - V₂ = Distance/Time
                   Time = Distance / ( V₁ ₋ V₂ )
                           = 3000 meters / ( 20 m/s - 10 m/s)
                           = 3000/10
                  Time  = 300 seconds ........Time going UPSTREAM.     
   

Therefore total time = time downstream + time upstream
                             = 100 s + 30 s
   Round-trip Time    = 400 seconds ........ANSWER
                 
                     


0