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When the man with the hoe, who had suffered in silence and hopeless situation, rises up to confront his oppressors, this generation who is more educated and humane and had suffered social injustices and oppression in another form, will see the man as the symbol of revolution in their call for social and political reforms.

This generation owes him the fruits of his labor that his children and grandchildren he worked hard for justly deserved.

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The picture of a man with a hoe uses an image of being an old man. it means that in order to have a long life, one must value work. work as referred to in that particular selection is a symbol of all dignified works and commitment to the same.
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But how will you respond to that line "how will the future reckon with this man?" as a child of the future, meaning this generation? The poem does not described the man as valuing his work to the end. He was actually losing hope, thus the line "made him dead to rapture and despair".
With your description of the man and his work, you are referring to Millet's painting, and not the Markham's poem inspired by the painting. The question asked is about the poem, not the painting :-)
**not Markham's, instead of no the Markham's...
The use of the painting supports the idea of what really the story is all about. I believe any writer would not use an image that does not support an ideal interpretation.