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He term tanka poetry refers to a Japanese five-line poem.  Tanka, translated, means “short song.” It is similar to haiku in that there are specific amounts of syllables for each line of the poem and it utilizes the literary techniques of personification, metaphor and simile to describe and create the ability for the reader to visualize the author's descriptions. 
This are those of examples
Pretty colored treesThat are orange, red and yellowIn the Autumn airAn old barn by the waterWith a white fence around it."Here are two examples from Shadow Poetry:"A cool wind blows inWith a blanket of silence.Straining to listenFor those first few drops of rain,The storm begins in earnest.""Subtle hints of springIn the wet bark of the treeDew dripping from leavesThen runs down the russet trunkPools round the roots and is drunk"Here is an example from Poetry for Kids:"Crash at two A.M.I opened my bedroom doorA white cat ran byStartled by the clanging fallOf the treat jar’s metal lid" And here are several more examples:"The dog likes to barkHis bark is loud for othersHe is a cute dogSo people don't mind too muchThey sometimes come to pet him""The weather is coolIt's clear that fall is comingThe leaves will soon changeThe days will become shorterAnd then winter will fall too. As you can see, in line one and line three of a tanka poem there are five syllables. Lines two, four and five all have seven syllables. This equates to thirty one total syllables in the poem. The first three lines of the poem are called kami-no-ku (upper poem) while the last three lines are called shimo-no-ku (lower poem).In the 7th century, tanka was so popular that nobles in the Japanese Imperial court would write tanka poems and compete. Tanka poetry was also frequently given to a partner in courtship at the end of an evening spent together. Important to note, the tanka poem is similar to the sonnet. Mid-way through the tanka poem, in line three, there is a change in perception. As with a sonnet, the change occurs as a transition from examining an image to examining a personal response

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