The sensory neurons typically have long dendrites and axons.A sensory neuron carries messages from the receptor organs to the nerve centers.The nerve centers are the brain and spinal cord.Motor neurons have short dendrites and long axons, A motor neuron receives information from the nerve centers and transmits it to the effector organs.:)
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Sensory neurons - it transmits the impulses from receptor to the brain, when the organ perceive a stimulus , the impulse is sent to the brain.
Motor neurons - it transmits impulses from brain. When the message coming from the brain is sent via motor neurons.
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