Q16. The thyroid gland is an organ made of
glandular tissue and is located in the base of the neck. Its function is to
produce hormones T3 and T4. Parathyroid gland on the other hand is found behind
each wing of the thyroid gland (thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ). It
releases parathyroid hormones which help
control the level of the minerals in the
body( calcium, phosphorus and magnesium).
Q17. If a person’s blood
sugar level becomes unstable, the pancreas might have a problem. Pancreas is a
large gland which produces insulin hormones. It lies behind one’s stomach. Beta
cells automatically produce exact amounts of insulin to move the sugar or
glucose into the cells.
Q18. The thymus gland
serves a very important role in the lymphatic and endocrine system. It contributes
a lot in the defense against infection and diseases , thus, it is very
important to have this gland for the body to protect itself against
Q19. If a person has no
thymus gland, he is very prone to infection and diseases.
Q20.It is called adrenaline
rush. Adrenaline rush is a sudden surge of energy from an increased hormone
called adrenaline which occurs during a stressful event or situation.
Q21. Insulin is a very
important hormone. Without insulin, our body can't control or use glucose
(sugar) properly. Sugar is one of the body's main energy supplying fuels.
People with type 1 diabetes must inject insulin because without it, their blood
sugar level will rise and lead the body to burn up fat stores and which in a
few days, leads to a life threatening condition called diabetic acidosis.
Q22. It is because the ovaries
stopped producing eggs, menstrual flow reduces and menstrual cycle becomes
abnormal and irregular.
Q23. Contraceptives like Birth
control pills are female hormonal pill used to stop from being pregnant.
It is a man-made hormonal pill which contains 2 hormone the estrogen and
progestin. The pill prevents conception by stopping your pituitary gland which
stops ovulation. The progestin on the other hand prevents the sperm from reaching the
egg and changed the lining of the uterus.
Q24. Oxytocin and
prolactin are hormones that establish the "let down" and "keep
up" with the supply and demand of a nursing baby. These hormones,
specifically the oxytocins, are powerful antidepressants and are very powerful
tool against PPD or Postpartum Depression, which is common to changes after
childbirth caused by hormone fluctuations.