1. Definition- a statement of the exact meaning of a word.
2. Comparison- the quality of being similar.
    Contrast- the state of being different.
3. Causes and Effects-  A cause is WHY something happens. An effect is WHAT happens.

4. Illustration- is a visualization or depiction of something.
5. Process analysis-  composed of processes  to add value by transforming inputs into useful outputs.

6. Classification- process of classifying something according to qualities and characteristics.

7. Description- representation of a person, object, or event.
     Spatial Description-  the ability to observe and understand one's environment.

8. Narration- the action or process of narrating a story.