The Spaniards implemented economic programs which are mainly about land ownership and taxes, including Polo y servicio it is the forced labor for  40 days of men ranging from 16 to 60 years of age who were obligated to give personal services to community projects. One could be exempted from polo by paying the falla, a daily fine of one and a half real.

In 1884, labor was reduced to 15 days. The polo system was patterned after the Mexican repartimento, selection for forced labor.