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10. Trivia Who is the Father of English Literature? ignatius joseph n estroga11. Geoffrey Chaucer His family name derives from the French chausseur, meaning "shoemaker".12. • known as the Father of English literature • is widely considered the greatest English poet of the middle Ages • was the first poet to have been buried in Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey. ignatius joseph n estroga13. • Social background: the Norman conquest under William, Duke of Normandy, the battle of Hastings in 1066; the mark of establishment of feudalism • Literature: Langland; Chaucer • Allegory • Ballad • Romance ignatius joseph n estroga14. The 3 Estates in the Middle Ages • The idea of estates, or orders, was encouraged during the Age, but this ordering was breaking down. • Clergy • Latin chiefly spoken, those who pray, purpose was to save everyone’s soul • Nobles • French chiefly spoken, those who fight, purpose was to protect—allow for all to work in peace—and provide justice • Commoners • English spoken, those who work, purpose was to feed and clothe all above themignatius joseph n estroga15. feudalism • The economic system of much of the Middle Ages (800-1100) • Commoners (peasants) lived on a feudal manor. The lord of the manor gave his vassals (the peasants) land to farm. • In return, the vassals received protection from roving bandits. Yet they were taxed and had to surrender a portion of their crops to the lord. • it was better to be a lord than a vassal! • Feudalism is important as it created ties of obedience and fostered a sense of loyalty between the vassals and their lord.A tenant (vassal) renews his oath of fealty to his lordignatius joseph n estroga16. Chivalry • A product of feudalism, chivalry was an idealized system of manners and morals • Restricted to nobility • The Medieval knight was bound to the chivalric code to be loyal to… • God • his lord • his lady • Chivalric ideals include... • benevolence • brotherly love • politeness • Sir Gawain is an example ignatius joseph n estroga17. Characteristics of Medieval Literature • Heroism • from both Germanic and Christian traditions, sometimes mingled • Presentations of idealized behavior • literature as moral- loyalty to king -Chivalry • Romance • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight • A narrative in prose or verse that tells of the adventures and heroic exploits of chivalric heroes • exploits of knights- often a supernatural element involved • Christian message • concern with salvation and the world to come • no interest in social change • until the late 14th century • Chaucer signals new thinking, up-ending social order ignatius joseph n estroga18. The High Middle Ages • These people wrote music, but they also wrote poetry. Cretien de Troyes, Walter von der Vogelweide, Wolfram von Eschenbach, and Marie de France are examples. a. Arthur and his knights, the Song of Roland, the Niebelungenlied, b.and literary material based on the lives of Alexander the Great and Charlemagne. c. The movement was important in promoting the idea of a code of chivalry.ignatius joseph n estroga19. The High Middle Ages d. During the High Middle Ages, other works became important, such as ancient Greek philosophy, translated into Latin from Arabic. This brought about a new interest in philosophy, religion, and science. e. Religion remained important. One example was the works of Thomas Aquinas. Another was Bonaventure's Life of Francis of Assisi. ignatius joseph n estroga
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