Aristotle was born in 384 BC in a Greek Town of Stagira, which was a seaport on the coast of Macedonia. As the ancient Greeks in Aristotle's time only had one name, they were often also referred to by their place of birth, hence Aristotle was commonly known as "Aristotle of Stagira". His father, Nichomachus, was a court physician to King Amytas of Macedonia, which provided Aristotle his long association with the Macedonian court, which later in his life proved to be a great influence. When he was just a boy of the age of 10, Aristotle's father died and he was taken under the care of a man named Proxenus. Proxenus sent Aristotle at the age of 17 toAthens, which was then the intellectual centre of the world, to complete his education. In Athens, Aristotle joined the famed Plato's Academy and began to be a prominent figure. In the later years of his time there he also began to lecture as well. When Plato died in 347 BC, it wasn't Aristotle that took his place, even though he was intellectually perfectly capable. Plato's nephew Speusippus was chosen to head the Academy because Aristotle's ideas had diverged too far from Plato's.
Aristotle left the Academy and, at the invitation of his friend Hermeas, he left for the court of Atarneus in Mysia. Here he stayed for three years, where he married his first wife, Pythias, the King's niece. After three years the Persians invaded Atarneus, killing Aristotle's friend Hermeas, who was the ruler at the time, and forced him to leave for Mytilene. At the invitation of Philip of Macedonia, he tutored his 13 year old son Alexander, later to be known as the famed Alexander the Conqueror. Both Philip and his son respected Aristotle and gave high honour to him, funding his teaching and his own studies.
When Philip died and Alexander took the throne, Aristotle left for Athens, having finished his assigned work. Plato's Academy was under the leadership of Xenocrates and Platonism was thriving in Athens. Here, Aristotle set up his own school called the Lyceum. For thirteen years Aristotle taught his followers his philosophies and ideas until in 323 BC Alexander the Conqueror was overthrown. The government, who were pro-Macedonian, was overthrown as well, and anything Macedonian was reacted against strongly, which included Aristotle, and a charge of impiety was trumped up against him. He was forced to flee, bitterly saying
The Athenians might not have another opportunity of sinning against philosophy as they have already done in the person of Socrates
Only a year later Aristotle died after complaining of a stomach illness in 322BC.