5 Basic Wine CharacteristicsSweetnessAcidityTanninFruitBodyLearn the basic wine characteristics to develop your palate and find favorites. By understanding the 5 characteristics below you’ll have a better chance of getting what you love. In recent history there has been an increasing focus on analyzing and rating wines. Unfortunately, crowdsourcing wine ratings is like asking children. The best way to learn about your taste is to classify wines by their fundamental traits and then pick what you like the best.