Most transform faults join two segments of a mid-ocean ridge (represented by the gaps between 1 and 2, and between 3 and 4). Remember that the presence of a ridge is an indication of diverging plates, and as the plates diverge between the two segments of the mid-ocean ridge, the adjacent slabs of crust are grinding past each other (blocks 2 and 3, blocks 1 and 3, and blocks 2 and 4).

-Ryan Joseph-