There are many sicknesses which can be caused by inadequate (poor) domestic or personal hygiene.

Signs of poor domestic hygiene include:

not cleaning the toiletnot getting rid of rubbishnot washing clothes and bedding frequentlynot storing food properlySigns of poor personal hygiene include:not washing handsnot showeringnot washing hairDiseases in Indigenous communities caused by germs and parasites resulting from inadequate domestic and personal hygieneBacterialfood poisoninggastroenteritisdiarrhoea caused by Campylobacterpneumoniatrachomaskin infectionsViralhepatitis Agastroenteritiscolds and fluParasiticgiardiasisscabies infectionpediculosis (head lice infection)hookworm infectionthreadworm infectionroundworm infection (strongyloides)Poor domestic and personal hygiene practices can help the transmission of disease-causing germs:directly by the faecal-oral route, or by person to person or pet to person contactindirectly by vectors coming into contact with people or their food, people breathing in airborne droplets of moisture which contain germs or eating contaminated food.