For other uses, see Angola (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 12°30′S 18°30′ERepublic of Angola
República de Angola (Portuguese)FlagEmblemAnthem: Angola Avante
Onwards AngolaLocation of Angola (dark blue)in the African Union (light blue)Capital
and largest cityLuanda
8°50′S 13°20′EOfficial languagesPortugueseRecognised national languagesKikongo
KwanyamaEthnic groups (2000)36% Ovimbundu
22% other African
1% EuropeanDemonymAngolanGovernmentUnitary presidentialrepublic • PresidentJosé Eduardo dos Santos • Vice PresidentManuel VicenteLegislatureNational AssemblyIndependence • from Portugal11 November 1975 Area • Total1,246,700 km2 (23rd)
481,354 sq mi • Water (%)negligiblePopulation • 2014 census24,383,301 • Density14.8/km2 (199th)
38.4/sq miGDP (PPP)2016 estimate • Total$194.055 billion(64th) • Per capita$7,501 (107th)GDP (nominal)2016 estimate • Total$98.815 billion(61st) • Per capita$3,819 (91st)Gini (2009)42.7
mediumHDI (2014) 0.532
low · 149thCurrencyKwanza (AOA)Time zoneWAT (UTC+1)Drives on therightCalling code+244ISO 3166 codeAOInternet TLD.ao
Angola /æŋˈɡoʊlə/, officially the Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República de Angola pronounced: [ɐ̃ˈɡɔlɐ]; Kikongo, Kimbunduand Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, and is bordered byNamibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north and east, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to west. The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda.
Although its territory has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era, modern Angola originates in Portuguese colonization, which began with, and was for centuries limited to, coastal settlements and trading posts established beginning in the 16th century. In the 19th century, European settlers slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. As a Portuguese colony, Angola did not encompass its present borders until the early 20th century, following resistance by groups such as the Cuamato, the Kwanyama and the Mbunda. Independence was achieved in 1975 after the protracted liberation war. That same year, Angola descended into an intense civil war that lasted until 2002. It has since become a relatively stable unitary presidential republic.
Angola has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy is among the fastest growing in the world, especially since the end of the civil war. In spite of this, the standard of living remains low for the majority of the population, and life expectancy and infant mortality rates in Angola are among the worst in the world. Angola's economic growth is highly uneven, with the majority of the nation's wealth concentrated in a disproportionately small sector of the population.
Angola is a member state of the United Nations, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union and the Southern African Development Community. A highly multiethnic country, Angola's 24.3 million people span various tribal groups, customs, and traditions. Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule, namely in the predominance of thePortuguese language and Roman Catholicism, combined with diverse indigenous influences.
Contents [hide] 1Etymology2History2.1Early migrations and political units2.2Portuguese colonization2.3Independence and civil war2.4Ceasefire with UNITA3Geography4Climate5Politics5.1Military5.2Police5.3Justice6Administrative divisions6.1Exclave of Cabinda7Economy7.1Agriculture7.2Transport7.3Telecommunications7.4Technology8Demographics8.1Languages8.2Religion8.3Largest cities9Culture10Health11Education12Sports13See also14References15External links