Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro (November 30, 1863 – May 10, 1897) was a Filipino revolutionary leader and the president of the Tagalog Republic. He is often called "The Great Plebeian" and "The Father of the Philippine Revolution". He was one of the founder and later Supremo (Supreme Leader) of the Kataas-taasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or simply and more popularly called Katipunan, a movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution. He is considered a de facto national hero of the Philippines,
and is also considered by some Filipino historians to be the first
President of the Philippines (through the revolutionary government he
established), but officially he is not recognized as such.