IntroductionOral traditionsThe nature of storytellingThe riddleThe lyricThe proverbThe taleHeroic poetryThe epicOral traditions and the written wordHistory and mythThe influence of oral traditions on modern writersLiteratures in African languagesEthiopianHausaShonaSomaliSouthern SothoSwahiliXhosaYorubaZuluLiteratures in European and European-derived languagesAfrikaansEnglishFrenchPortuguese

African literaturethe body of traditional oral and written literatures in Afro-Asiatic and African languages together with works written by Africans in European languages. Traditional written literature, which is limited to a smaller geographic area than is oral literature, is most characteristic of those sub-Saharan cultures that have participated in the cultures of the Mediterranean.    pwede na