In-text references contain THREE ITEMS:

• the name/s of author/s
• year of publication
• page number or paragraph number (if no page number is available)


Students develop a strong understanding of the content and writing conventions of subject areas through assignment tasks. Literacy researchers (Johns, 2004, pp. 199-208; Taylor, 2006, p. 156-159) claim that writing and understanding go hand in hand. Smith and Brown (2005, p. 1) argue that "to master your learning materials and extend your understandings, you need to write about the meanings you gain from your research". Furthermore, while students are researching, reading and writing in their discipline, they also learn how to "crack the code" of the discipline (Bloggs et al., 2003, p. 44). It is a case of students learning by doing. By researching and writing essays with appropriate feedback from their lecturers, students are learning subject matter and how to write in their disciplines.
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