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MeiosisMitosisDefinitionA type of cellular reproduction in which the number of chromosomes are reduced by half through the separation of homologous chromosomes, producing two haploid cells.A process of asexual reproduction in which the cell divides in two producing a replica, with an equal number of chromosomes in each resulting diploid cell.Functionsexual reproductionCellular Reproduction & general growth and repair of the bodyType of ReproductionSexualAsexualOccurs inHumans, animals, plants, fungiall organismsGeneticallydifferentidenticalCrossing OverYes, mixing of chromosomes can occur.No, crossing over cannot occur.Pairing of HomologsYesNoNumber of Divisions21Number of Daughter Cells produced4 haploid cells2 diploid cellsChromosome NumberReduced by halfRemains the sameStepsThe steps of meiosis are Interphase, Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I, Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II and Telophase II.The steps of mitosis are Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase and CytokinesisKaryokinesisOccurs in Interphase IOccurs in InterphaseCytokinesisOccurs in Telophase I & Telophase IIOccurs in TelophaseCentromeres SplitThe centromeres do not separate during anaphase I, but during anaphase IIThe centromeres split during AnaphaseCreatesSex cells only: Female egg cells or Male sperm cellsMakes everything other than sex cellsDiscovered byOscar HertwigWalther Flemming
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Simple explanation :

Mitosis is for body cells. When they divide, the daughter cells still have the same number of chromosomes while
Meiosis is for sex cells. When they divide, the daughter cells are haploid, meaning they have 1/2 of the number of chromosomes of the parent cell.

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